Election Education and Observation Partners (EEOP) observed Myanmar’s by-elections held in 3rd November, 2018, with the total number of (149) election observers including (13) long-term observers (LTOs). In 5th of November, after election day, EEOP issued a preliminary statement of the by-elections.
By-elections which was held on November 3, 2018 was the second by-elections after the first by-elections held after the first general elections in 2015. This 2018 by-elections was held to elect 13 vacant seats in different parliaments. The 13 seats which need to be filled became vacant either because the elected candidates were appointed in executive positions or some were due to the death of the elected incumbents.
2018 by-elections was held to elect the candidates for Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and State/Region Hluttaws. The by-elections were conducted in a total of 13 places: 4 seats for Pyithu Hluttaw constituency, 1 seat for Amyotha Hluttaw constituency and 8 seats for State/Region Hluttaw constituencies. These by-elections were conducted in a total of 35 townships which are valid constituents located in 9 States and Regions.
Overall, though the by-elections which was held on November 3, 2018 in respective constituencies had some weaknesses, it was conducted successfully. EEOP observers stationed in all 15 townships where the by-elections took place filed a total of 380 reports throughout election day. Despite some disputes, the preliminary assessment of the observers can be concluded that 95% of the polling observed as well-conducted. It is important to note that this rating is based on preliminary data, and may have some changes in percentage and findings after revisions were done based on all observer reports to be processed and analyzed later.
This preliminary statement is based on EEOP’s observations of observers reports and on its observations on by-elections day. The current findings will be integrated in the assessment to issuing the final by-elections report. Details will be discussed in the upcoming final report.
The full statement can be downloaded as the following links.